Can Yeast Infection Prevent Pregnancy Can Yeast Infection Prevent Pregnancy

Summary: Yeast infection is a common condition that affects many women across the world. The burning and itching sensation can be uncomfortable, leading to several questions regarding its treatment and prevention methods. One of the frequently asked questions is whether yeast infection can prevent pregnancy. In this article, we will explore the relationship between yeast infection and pregnancy.

1. Understanding Yeast Infection

Yeast infection, also known as candidiasis, is a fungal infection that affects different body parts in both men and women. However, it is more common among women, who experience a variety of symptoms such as itching, burning sensation, redness, and swelling around the vulva and vagina. Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of a natural fungus called Candida. It is prevalent in the body and kept in check by other healthy microorganisms and the immune system. However, certain factors, such as antibiotics, uncontrolled diabetes, hormonal changes, and weakened immune systems, can disrupt the balance, leading to excessive growth of the fungus and yeast infection.

The easiest treatment for yeast infection is over-the-counter creams, ointments, or suppositories. However, if the condition worsens or keeps recurring, you should seek medical attention, particularly if you are pregnant.

There have been many claims that yeast infection can prevent pregnancy. However, there is no direct link between yeast infection and birth control or infertility. The truth is, while yeast infection can make it challenging to conceive, it does not act as birth control or prevent pregnancy entirely.

2. Yeast Infection and Fertility

It is possible to get pregnant when you have a yeast infection. However, the fungal infection can cause complications that can reduce your chances of conception. For instance, yeast infection causes inflammation that can affect the cervical mucus texture and volume, a vital component of conception. Cervical mucus helps the sperm to swim to the uterus and fertilize the egg. When it is affected by inflammation, it becomes too thick or too thin, hindering sperm movement or having difficulty binding to the sperm, respectively.

Inflammation caused by yeast infection can also extend to the pelvis and fallopian tubes, leading to partial or complete blockages. Besides, yeast infections can cause pain during intercourse, which may discourage couples from engaging in sex during the fertile window period.

Therefore while yeast infection does not prevent pregnancy, its complications can make it difficult to conceive naturally, requiring medical attention to address the issue.

3. Does Yeast Infection Affect Contraceptives Methods?

Women who use birth control methods such as diaphragms, cervical caps, or condoms should be aware that yeast infection can affect their effectiveness. The fungal infection can compromise the integrity of the contraceptive devices, leading to tears, rips, and holes that decrease their efficacy. Yeast infection can also affect hormonal contraceptives, such as pills, patches, and injections. The inflammation caused by the infection can interfere with the absorption of the hormones, thereby reducing their effectiveness.

If you are using any contraceptive method and experience yeast infection symptoms, such as itching or discharge, it is advisable to consult your healthcare provider to explore alternative methods or adjust the prescription.

It is worth noting that while yeast infection can affect the efficacy of contraception, it is not reliable birth control. Therefore, it should not be considered a prevention method.

4. Yeast Infection and Pregnancy

Pregnancy increases the risk of developing yeast infections. Hormonal changes, increased vaginal discharge, and a weakened immune system can encourage the overgrowth of the Candida fungus. Additionally, women with a history of recurrent yeast infections or uncontrolled diabetes are at a higher risk of developing the condition during pregnancy.

While yeast infection does not prevent or interfere with pregnancy, it can have severe complications if left untreated. Untreated yeast infection can lead to preterm labor, premature rupture of membrane, low birth weight, and even stillbirths. Therefore, if you experience yeast infection symptoms while pregnant, it is advisable to seek medical attention immediately.

The good news is that treating yeast infection while pregnant is safe for both the mother and the baby. Healthcare providers prescribe antifungal medications such as clotrimazole and miconazole, which are safe during pregnancy. However, home remedies such as tea tree oil, yogurt, garlic, and essential oils should be avoided, as they can harm the baby and slow down the treatment process.

5. Prevention and Management of Yeast Infection

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to yeast infection. Some of the preventive measures include:

  • Avoid tight-fitting clothes: Tight-fitting clothes can trap heat and moisture, creating the perfect environment for yeast growth. Wear loose-fitting clothes made of breathable fabrics such as cotton.
  • Maintain good hygiene: Keeping your genital area clean and dry can help prevent yeast infections. Avoid using scented soaps, douches, and other products that can irritate the vagina and disrupt its Ph balance.
  • Avoid unnecessary antibiotics: Antibiotics kill both the harmful and beneficial bacteria in the body, upsetting the natural balance and encouraging excessive yeast growth. Only take antibiotics when prescribed by a healthcare provider.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle: A healthy diet, regular exercise and avoiding smoking can boost your immune system and help prevent yeast infections.

For women who experience recurrent yeast infections, healthcare providers may recommend maintenance therapy where they prescribe antifungal treatment for up to 6 months. This helps keep the Candida fungus in check and prevents recurrent infections.


While yeast infection is a common condition that affects many women, it should not be considered as a form of birth control or prevention of pregnancy. Yeast infection can affect fertility and reduce the efficacy of contraceptive devices, but it does not stop conception entirely. Instead, it can have severe complications if left untreated, leading to preterm labor, low birth weight, and even stillbirths. Therefore, if you experience yeast infection symptoms, such as itching and burning sensations, it is advisable to seek medical attention immediately for proper diagnosis and treatment.

The best way to prevent yeast infections is to maintain good hygiene, avoid tight-fitting clothes, and maintain a healthy lifestyle. If you have recurrent yeast infections, consult your healthcare provider on maintenance therapy. With proper care and treatment, yeast infections should not be a cause for concern in your journey towards conception and a healthy pregnancy.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *