Hpv Testiranje _ Hpv Testiranje Muškarci

Summary: HPV is a common sexually transmitted infection that affects both men and women. The most effective way to detect HPV is through regular screenings and tests. HPV testing involves collecting cells from the cervix and analyzing them for the presence of high-risk HPV strains. In this article, we will discuss the importance of HPV testing, how it is done, and what the results mean. We will also cover some potential risks and side effects associated with HPV testing, and offer tips on how to prepare for your test.

1. Why is HPV testing important?

HPV is a widespread infection that can lead to serious health problems like genital warts and cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is the fourth most frequent cancer in women worldwide, with an estimated 570,000 new cases in 2018 and approximately 311,000 deaths. Regular screening and early detection of HPV can help prevent these serious complications. Women who have had abnormal Pap test results are at higher risk of developing cervical cancer, which reinforces the urgency of regular screening and testing.

HPV testing can also be beneficial for men as well. While there is currently no FDA-approved HPV test for men, studies have shown that HPV testing can improve the detection of penile, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers in men.

Lastly, getting tested for HPV can provide peace of mind if the results come back negative or give individuals the opportunity for early detection and treatment if HPV is detected.

2. How is HPV testing done?

The most common way to test for HPV is through a pap test. During the test, the doctor collects cells from the cervix using a small device called a speculum. The collected cells are then sent to a lab to be analyzed for HPV strains. Another way to test for HPV is by combining a pap test with HPV DNA testing. This test is called the co-test and is recommended for women over the age of 30.

Another type of HPV test is the self-collection kit, which allows people to collect their own vaginal or anal swab sample at home, which can then be mailed to a specified laboratory for testing. Most commonly used for people over the age of 30, this method of testing has been found to be as effective as clinician-collected tests in detecting high-risk HPV strains.

It’s important to note that HPV testing should not be done in place of a regular Pap smear, but rather in conjunction with it.

3. What do the results of an HPV test mean?

Results of an HPV test are usually categorized as either positive or negative. A positive result means that the test detected the presence of one or more high-risk HPV types. This does not mean that you have cancer but suggests that further testing may be required. A positive HPV test result could also mean that you have cleared the virus without any intervention in a natural way.

If the HPV test results combined with the Pap smear shows abnormal cells, your doctor may recommend additional testing, including colposcopy, a biopsy, or a cone biopsy to investigate further.

A negative result means that no high-risk HPV was detected, which reduces the risk of developing cervical cancer. However, individuals who receive a negative test result should continue to undergo regular screenings as a precautionary measure.

4. Risks and side effects of HPV testing

Most people do not experience any side effects from HPV testing. However, in some cases, women may experience mild discomfort or spotting after the procedure. In extremely rare instances, medical equipment used for HPV testing may be contaminated, which can result in infections or sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV.

It’s essential to discuss any concerns or discomfort with the doctor beforehand. Individuals who are pregnant or have a history of cervical cancer should take special precautions, including discussing HPV testing with their OB-GYN before it occurs to avoid any potential risks.

Lastly, cost may also be an issue. While health insurance does cover HPV testing for many individuals, not all plans provide coverage. It’s important to check with your insurance provider to understand the level of coverage available.

5. How to prepare for an HPV test

Before undergoing an HPV test, it’s important to schedule an appointment with a healthcare professional, discuss the procedure, and ask any questions that you may have about the test. Women should not have an HPV test done during menstruation as it can interfere with the results.

Abstaining from sexual activity for at least 24 hours before the test is another precautionary measure as it can affect the results. If possible, avoid taking any vaginal medications, such as creams or suppositories, within two days of the test to prevent interfering with results. Lastly, it may be helpful to put on comfortable clothing, which can make the experience more tolerable.

The physician or clinician performing the test can offer more detailed instructions on how to prepare for the specific test being performed.


Getting tested for HPV can help detect the virus before it develops into something more serious like cancer. Regular screening and testing for this common sexually transmitted disease can save lives. Knowing the risks and benefits associated with HPV testing, as well as preparing ahead, can help ensure the most successful outcome after undergoing the test.

It’s clear that the importance of regular HPV testing cannot be overstated, especially for those who are sexually active. By being proactive and undergoing HPV testing, individuals can put their minds at ease and take steps to avoid or treat any potential health problems that may arise from HPV.

If you are concerned about getting tested for HPV, talk to your healthcare professional. They can help you understand the benefits and risks associated with HPV testing and provide you with all the necessary information to make an informed decision on your health and wellbeing.

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