Missed Period After Surgery On Birth Control

Summary: After undergoing surgery, some women may experience the absence of their menstrual cycle. This can be concerning for those who are used to having regular periods and might indicate an underlying issue. There are several reasons why a period may not come after surgery. These include anesthesia, stress, and changes in hormone levels.

1. Anesthesia

One reason that a woman’s period may be absent after surgery is due to the anesthesia used during the procedure. Anesthesia can impact the body’s hormonal balance, which can affect the menstrual cycle. This effect is typically temporary and lasts for a few days or weeks after surgery.

It’s important to note that not all types of anesthesia will affect the menstrual cycle. However, those that do include general anesthesia and local anesthesia with sedation. Conversely, regional anesthesia, such as epidural anesthesia, is not known to affect menstruation.

2. Stress

Surgery is a significant event that can cause emotional and physical stress on the body. Stress can impact the body in various ways, including the menstrual cycle. The hormones responsible for menstruation can become imbalanced, causing a delay or absence of the period.

The type of surgery and the recovery process can also affect stress levels. For example, surgeries that require more substantial recovery times can increase stress and delay the onset of the menstrual cycle.

3. Changes in Hormone Levels

Surgery can cause changes in hormone levels due to the body’s response to the procedure. Hormones play a crucial role in regulating the menstrual cycle, so a change in their levels can cause an absence of the period.

In particular, surgeries that involve the reproductive system or the organs that produce hormones can impact hormone levels. Surgeries such as hysterectomies, oophorectomies, and tubal ligations can cause menstrual changes or a complete absence of the period.


The absence of a menstrual cycle after surgery can be a concern for women who are used to regular periods. There are several reasons why this might happen, including anesthesia, stress, and changes in hormone levels. Anesthesia use can affect hormones temporarily, while stress and hormonal changes can impact menstruation over a longer period. Although no period after surgery is usually temporary, it’s essential to discuss any concerns with a healthcare provider to rule out any underlying issues or complications.

If your period does not return to its regular cycle within a few months, consult your doctor. Delaying medical attention can worsen the problem and lead to further complications, so seek help as soon as possible.

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