Suture Of The Vulva | Dissolvable Stitches On Vulva

Summary: Suture of the vulva is a common surgical procedure that involves the stitching of tears or incisions in the female genital area. This article will cover the different aspects related to this procedure, including its types, indications, techniques, and potential complications.

1. Types of suture

There are two main types of sutures used for repairing vulvar tears or incisions: absorbable and non-absorbable. Absorbable sutures are made of materials that break down over time and are gradually absorbed by the body. Non-absorbable sutures, on the other hand, are made of materials that do not dissolve and require removal after a certain period of time.

Each type of suture has its own advantages and disadvantages. Absorbable sutures eliminate the need for suture removal but may dissolve too quickly or cause tissue reaction. Non-absorbable sutures provide better wound closure and tissue support but require a follow-up visit for suture removal.

The choice of suture material depends on various factors, such as the location and extent of the tear or incision, the patient’s medical history, and the surgeon’s preference.

2. Indications for suture

Suture of the vulva is indicated for various reasons, such as childbirth-related tears, episiotomy incisions, vaginal surgeries, and trauma. Tears or cuts in the perineum or labia can cause pain, bleeding, infection, and other complications, and may interfere with normal activities like urination, defecation, and sexual intercourse. Repairing these injuries with sutures can promote healing, reduce discomfort, and prevent further problems.

However, not all vulvar tears or incisions require suture. Minor tears that do not involve muscle or fascia may heal on their own with proper wound care. The decision to suture or not should be based on the severity and location of the injury, the patient’s symptoms and preferences, and the surgeon’s assessment.

In some cases, delayed or inadequate suture of the vulva can lead to chronic pain, scarring, incontinence, dyspareunia, or other complications that may require further treatment.

3. Suture techniques

The technique used for suture of the vulva depends on the type and extent of the injury, as well as the surgeon’s expertise. Common techniques include interrupted sutures, continuous sutures, and subcuticular sutures.

Interrupted sutures involve separate stitches placed at regular intervals along the wound edge. This technique allows for better control of tension and alignment, and reduces the risk of wound dehiscence. However, it may take longer to place and remove each stitch.

Continuous sutures involve a single long stitch that runs along the entire length of the wound. This technique is faster and easier to perform but may result in uneven tension or increased risk of dehiscence if the suture breaks or comes loose.

Subcuticular sutures involve buried stitches placed under the skin surface, leaving no external knots or sutures. This technique provides a cosmetically pleasing outcome and reduces the risk of wound infection or irritation from external sutures. However, it requires skill and experience to perform and may not be suitable for all wounds.

4. Potential complications

Like any surgical procedure, suture of the vulva carries some risks and potential complications. These may include bleeding, infection, wound dehiscence, asymmetrical healing, scarring, and chronic pain.

Bleeding may occur if the suture needle accidentally pierces a blood vessel or if the wound does not stop bleeding after closure. Infection may result from improper wound care, bacterial contamination during the procedure, or inadequate sterilization of instruments and equipment.

Wound dehiscence refers to a separation of the wound edges that may be caused by excess tension, poor wound closure, or inadequate tissue support. Asymmetrical healing may result in uneven or unsightly scarring. Chronic pain may occur due to neural injury or inflammation of the vulvar tissues.


Suture of the vulva is a valuable tool for repairing tears or incisions in the female genital area. The type of suture, the indication for the procedure, the technique used, and the potential complications should all be carefully considered to achieve the best possible outcome. Patients who undergo suture of the vulva should be advised on proper wound care, follow-up appointments, and possible signs of complications. With proper preparation and execution, suture of the vulva can promote healing and restore normal function and quality of life for women with vulvar injuries or conditions.

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